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子宫内膜移位症的发生部位(模式图)

子宫内膜移位症的发生部位(模式图)

当子宫内膜腺体和间质出现在子宫以外时,称为子宫内膜移位症。近10%的女性可能都有这种情况。即使有少数病灶也可导致痛经和月经不调。左图显示了几个常见的子宫内膜移位的部位。发生在卵巢反复出血,卵巢体积增大,形成囊腔,内含粘稠的咖啡色液体,称之为巧克力囊肿。

子宫内膜移位症:发生部位(模式图) | 镜下 | 移位于结肠(镜下) | 移位于子宫后浆膜下(大体) | 移位于子宫后浆膜下(肉眼放大) | 卵巢切面示巧克力囊肿

When endometrial glands and stroma are found outside the uterus, the condition is known as endometriosis. Up to 10% of women may have this condition. It can be very disabling and painful, even when just a few foci are present. Diagrammed here are typical locations for foci of endometriosis. Sometimes the old dark brown blood collects over time from repeated hemorrhage in a cystic space in the ovary and produces a so-called "chocolate cyst".


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