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2001年考研英语试题及参考答案(上)

National Entrance Test Of English For MA/MS Candidates (2001)
(NETEM 2001)
Part Ⅰ Structure and Vocabulary
Section A
Directions:
Beneath each of the following sentences, there are four choices marked [A],[B],[C] and [D].Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Mark your answer on ANSWER SHEET 1 by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets with a pencil. (5 points)
Example:
I have been to the Great Wall three times _________ 1979.
[A]from [B]after [C]for [D]since
The sentence should read, "I have been to the Great Wall three times since 1979." Therefore, you should choose [D].
Sample Answer
[A][B][C][■]
1.If I were in movie, then it would be about time that I _________ my head in my hands for a cry.
[A]bury [B]am burying [C]buried [D]would bury
2.Good news was sometimes released prematurely, with the British recapture of the port _________ half a day before the defenders actually surrendered.
[A]to announce [B]announced [C]announcing [D]was announced
3.According to one belief, if truth is to be known it will make itself apparent, so one _________ wait instead of searching for it.
[A]would rather [B]had to [C]cannot but [D]had best
4.She felt suitably humble just as she _________ when he had first taken a good look at her city self, hair waved and golden, nails red and pointed.
[A]had [B]had had [C]would have and [D]has had
5.There was no sign that Mr. Jospin, who keeps a firm control on the party despite _________ from leadership of it, would intervene personally.
[A] being resigned [B]having resigned
[C]going to resign [D]resign
6.So involved with their computers _________ that leaders at summer computer camps often have to force them to break for sports and games.
[A]became the children [B]become the children
[C]had the children become [D]do the children become
7.The individual TV viewer invariably senses that he or she is _________ an anonymous, statistically insignificant part of a huge and diverse audience.
[A]everything except [B]anything but
[C]no less than [D]nothing more than
8.One difficulty in translation lies in obtaining a concept match. _________ this is meant that a concept in one language is lost or changed in meaning in translation.
[A]By [B]In [C]For [D]With
9.Conversation becomes weaker in a society that spends so much time listening and being talked to _________ it has all but lost the will and the skill to speak for itself.
[A]as [B]which [C]that [D]what
10.Church as we use the word refers to all religious institutions, _________ they Christian, Islamic, Buddhist, Jewish, and so on.
[A]be [B]being [C]were [D]are
Section B
Directions:
Beneath each of the following sentences, there are four choices marked [A],[B],[C] and [D].Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Mark your answer on ANSWER SHEET 1 by blackening the corresponding letter in the rackets with a pencil. (10 points)
Example:
The lost car of the Lees was found _________ in the woods off the highway.
[A]vanished [B]scattered [C]abandoned [D]rejected
The sentence should read. "The lost car of the Lees was found abandoned in the woods off the highway." There fore, you should choose [C].
Sample Answer
[A][B][■][D]
11.He is too young to be able to _________ between right and wrong.
[A]discard [B]discern [C]disperse [D]disregard
12.It was no _________ that his car was seen near the bank at the time of the robbery.
[A]coincidence [B]convention [C]certainty [D]complication
13.One of the responsibilities of the Coast Guard is to make sure that all ships _________ follow traffic rules in busy harbors.
[A]cautiously [B]dutifully [C]faithfully [D]skillfully
14.The Eskimo is perhaps one of the most trusting and considerate of all Indians but seems to be _________ the welfare of his animals.
[A]critical about[B]indignant at [C]indifferent to[D]subject to
15.The chairman of the board _________ on me the unpleasant job of dismissing good workers the firm can no longer afford to employ.
[A]compelled [B]posed [C]pressed [D]tempted
16.It is naive to expect that any society can resolve all the social problems it is faced with _________,
[A]for long [B]in and out [C]once for all [D]by nature
17.Using extremely different decorating schemes in adjoining rooms may result in _________ and lack of unity in style.
[A]conflict [B]confrontation[C]disturbance [D]disharmony
18.The Timber rattlesnake is now on the endangered species list, and is extinct in two eastern states in which it once _________.
[A]thrived [B]swelled [C]prospered [D]flourished
19.However, growth in the fabricated metals industry was able to _________ some of the decline in the iron and steel industry.
[A]overturn [B]overtake [C]offset [D]oppress
20.Because of its intimacy, radio is usually more than just a medium; it is _________.
[A]firm [B]company [C]corporation [D]enterprise
21.When any non-human organ is transplanted into a person, the body immediately recognizes it as _________.
[A]novel [B]remote [C]distant [D]foreign
22.My favorite radio song is the one I first heard on a thick 1923 Edison disc I _________ at a garage sale.
[A]trifled with [B]scraped through[C]stumbled upon[D]thirsted for
23.Some day software will translate both written and spoken language so well that the need for any common second language could _________.
[A]descend [B]decline [C]deteriorate [D]depress
24.Equipment not _________ official safety standards has all been removed from the workshop.
[A]conforming to [B]consistent with
[C]predominant over [D]providing for
25.As an industry, biotechnology stands to _________ electronics in dollar volume and perhaps surpass it in social impact by 2020.
[A]contend [B]contest [C]rival [D]strive
26.The authors of the United States Constitution attempted to establish an effective national government while preserving _________ for the states and liberty for individuals.
[A]autonomy [B]dignity [C]monopoly [D]stabilit
27.For three quarters of its span on Earth, life evolved almost _________ as microorganisms.
[A]precisely [B]instantly [C]initially [D]exclusively
28.The introduction of gunpowder gradually made the bow and arrow _________, particularly in Western Europe.
[A]obscure [B]obsolete [C]optional [D]overlapping
29.Whoever formulated the theory of the origin of the universe, it is just _________ and needs proving.
[A]spontaneous [B]hypothetical [C]intuitive [D]empirical
30.The future of this company is _________: many of its talented employees are flowing into more profitable net-based businesses.
[A]at odds [B]in trouble [C]in vain [D]at stake

Part Ⅱ Cloze Test
Directions:
For each numbered blank in the following passage, there are four choices marked [A],[B],[C] and [D]. Choose the best one and mark your answer on ANSWER SHEET 1 by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets with a pencil. (10 points)
The government is to ban payments to witnesses by newspapers seeking to buy up people involved in prominent cases 31 the trial of Rosemary West.
In a significant 32 of legal controls over the press. Lord Irvine, the Lord Chancellor, will introduce a 33 bill that will propose making payments to witnesses 34 and will strictly control the amount of 35 that can be given to a case 36 a trial begins.
In a letter to Gerald Kaufman, chairman of the House of Commons media select committee. Lord Irvine said he 37 with a committee report this year which said that self regulation did not 38 sufficient control.
39 of the letter came two days after Lord Irvine caused a 40 of media protest when he said the 41 of privacy controls contained in European legislation would be left to judges 42 to Parliament.
The Lord Chancellor said introduction of the Human Rights Bill, which 43 the European Convention on Human Rights legally 44 in Britain, laid down that everybody was 45 to privacy and that public figures could go to court to protect themselves and their families.
"Press freedoms will be in safe hands 46 our British judges," he said.
Witness payments became an 47 after West was sentenced to 10 life sentences in 1995. Up to 19 witnesses were 48 to have received payments for telling their stories to newspapers. Concerns were raised 49 witnesses might be encouraged to exaggerate their stories in court to 50 guilty verdicts.
31.[A]as to [B]for instance [C]in particular[D]such as
32.[A]tightening [B]intensifying [C]focusing [D]fastening
33.[A]sketch [B]rough [C]preliminary [D]draft
34.[A]illogical [B]illegal [C]improbable [D]improper
35.[A]publicity [B]penalty [C]popularity [D]peculiarity
36.[A]since [B]if [C]before [D]as
37.[A]sided [B]shared [C]complied [D]agreed
38.[A]present [B]offer [C]manifest [D]indicate
39.[A]Release [B]Publication [C]Printing [D]Exposure
40.[A]storm [B]rage [C]flare [D]flash
41.[A]translation [B]interpretation[C]exhibition [D]demonstration
42.[A]better than [B]other than [C]rather than [D]sooner than
43.[A]changes [B]makes [C]sets [D]turns
44.[A]binding [B]convincing [C]restraining [D]sustaining
45.[A]authorized [B]credited [C]entitled [D]qualified
46.[A]with [B]to [C]from [D]by
47.[A]impact [B]incident [C]inference [D]issue
48.[A]stated [B]remarked [C]said [D]told
49.[A]what [B]when [C]which [D]that
50.[A]assure [B]confide [C]ensure [D]guarantee


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