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门脉高压症:脾肿大


图示,门脉高压的最常见并发症之一脾肿大。脾脏由正常的300克以内增大至500到1000克。此图的另一表现是紫色被膜上遍及胶原的异常淡褐色斑块,称为“糖衣”或“透明蛋白性脾周炎”,它继发于脾脏肿大和/或肝硬化常见并发症腹膜炎反复发作。
One of the most common findings with portal hypertension is splenomegaly, as seen here. The spleen is enlarged from the normal 300 grams or less to between 500 and 1000 gm. Another finding here is the irregular pale tan plaques of collagen over the purple capsule known as "sugar icing" or "hyaline perisplenitis" which follows the splenomegaly and/or multiple episodes of peritonitis that are a common accompaniment to cirrhosis of the liver.

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