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门脉高压症:食管下端静脉曲张伴出血


门脉高压使食管粘膜下静脉扩张时,会出现更严重的后果,称为食管静脉曲张。图示食管下段静脉曲张,即所示蓝色线状扩张的静脉。可见一处发生了出血。这些静脉容易被破坏,导致胃肠道大出血。
A much more serious problem produced by portal hypertension results when submucosal veins in the esophagus become dilated. These are known as esophageal varices. Varices are seen here in the lower esophagus as linear blue dilated veins. There is hemorrhage around one of them. Such varices are easily eroded, leading to massive gastrointestinal hemorrhage.

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