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食管下段静脉曲张


食管下末段(尸解时已经把食管从里面翻出来)线状排列着深兰色的黏膜下层较宽的纹理称为静脉曲张。门静脉高压病人中(慢性酒精性小结节性肝硬化),食管黏膜下血管扩张(形成静脉曲张)。静脉曲张有出血倾向。
At the lower end of the esophagus (which has been turned inside out at autopsy) are linear dark blue submucosal dilated veins known as varices. In patients with portal hypertension (usually micronodular cirrhosis from chronic alcoholism), the submucosal esophageal veins become dilated (form varices). These varices are prone to bleed.

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